- January
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10 CSS Tricks Every Designer Should Know How to Do

In this modern Digital Age, it seems as though every professional and business has a functional website. It’s no secret that the better the website, the more likely visitors will want to stay on it.

As a web designer, you know how important it is to create a website that is both highly functional and highly engaging. That means it should attract attention as well as maintain it.

For example, it’s crucial to make every website responsive, meaning it’s able to work well on a mobile device. In fact, experts predict that mobile devices will be the avenue for over 79% of all Internet use before the end of 2018.

There are other design strategies to consider, though, too. If you are new to using CSS for your web design, you have come to the right place with this article. Detailed below are ten CSS tricks every designer should know.

The Asterisk (“*”)

Using an asterisk in a specific tag within CSS will allow you to apply characteristics every time that specific tag is used. For example, if you type *p and add CSS styles to it, every tag will receive the same qualities. This is a great way to save yourself sometime instead of typing out the styles for every single tag.

Resizing Images

You can specify max-width:100% when you need an image to maintain a certain size. That way, the image will never be larger than the screen. Most often, it’s also useful to specify height:auto; with this tip, so that the height of the image will adjust as needed.

Absolute Positioning

Sometimes, the position of an image or a block can look different between a desktop and a mobile device. That’s okay because CSS allows for absolute positioning. CSS is used by over 95% of websites because it is so useful when trying to customize a website design in such a way.

You can determine where an element will stay according to top, bottom, left, and right variables. Do this by specifying the distance in pixels you want the element to stay. In addition, you can specify absolute if you want the element to be flush with any of the above four directions.

Hover Effects

Have you ever seen a website that has elements change colors when the mouse hovers over it? That is thanks to the CSS hover effect.

When you declare that a certain element has a hover effect, only your specifications are considered when a user actually hovers. For example, if you specify a certain color when hovering, the font style and height will not be affected.

Assigning Characteristics To Multiple Classes At Once

Perhaps you want to assign a certain font or border to more than one class of elements (e.g., sidebars and images). This is easy to do by simply separating the classes with commas before assigning style qualities. Such a declaration would look like this: img, .sidebar {…}.

Using box-sizing:border-box;

A lot of designers like to use borders around elements for decorations. These borders, though, add to the size of the element in the form of “padding.”

If that concept messes up the responsive design or another element on your web design, don’t worry. Using box-sizing:border-box; can ensure that the element stays the size you already specified while maintaining the integrity of the element and its border.

You’d still specify the padding as the width of the border, but it would be measured within the element, not added to the outside of it.

Using :before

For certain elements on your website, you might want to have some specific content at the beginning of each occurrence. For example, if you want certain text to be at the beginning of each heading, you’d use :before to specify as such. It would look like this: h2:before {…}.

Using :after

In a similar manner, this trick will help you add content to the end of any specific class of elements. It’s yet another way to save you time by automating the quality of every single occurrence of whatever element in your web design.

A lot of times, :after is used in

tags. On a page with multiple articles, for examples, you can use this feature to add “Read more” at the end of each introductory paragraph.

Managing Heading Text

There’s an easy way to automate the capitalization, or lack thereof, within every h2 element in your web design. This feature is actually used only for these h2 elements.

If you type h2 { text-transform: uppercase; } you will find all of your h2 elements to be in all caps. There is also lowercase (all letters will be lowercase) and capitalize (the first letter in every word will be capitalized).

You Can Adjust Fonts In a Variety of Ways

There are so many benefits to learning programming languages to design the absolute perfect website. One of these benefits is the almost endless level of customization available. To be specific, CSS allows you to customize so many things that would really make your site design pop.

For example, consider all the ways that CSS allows for customizing the fonts you use in your designs. If you don’t already know, CSS has options to specify several characteristics of the font of your choice.

You can tweak the style (e.g., italic), the variant (e.g., all caps), weight (e.g., how bold it is), size, height (the amount of space above and below each line of text), and the family, which is the typeface of your choice (e.g., Times New Roman). The many different combinations of font characteristics essentially give you an endless number of options to personalize your web design’s text.

These Are Only Some of the CSS Tricks You Should Know

Don’t forget that coding languages are never-ending. There will always be something useful for you to learn, so don’t stop educating yourself.

We know how important it is to keep up with all of the latest CSS tricks and other coding need-to-knows. That’s why we offer tons of web design advice available on our website. We encourage you to check out some of these informative, useful articles today.